In South China, Hunan Province in the 12th century, uses a unique alphabet called Nushu. Miraculous it is that Nushu used exclusively by women. It's their secret alphabet. The fact is that until the 20th century, before the revolution in China, Hunan Province, girls were forbidden to attend school because of what they were deprived of opportunities to teach the normal characters. Old women teach girls the alphabet Nushu - his own way, ladies' version of the Chinese hieroglyphic writing.
Unlike the Chinese, letters of the alphabet Nushu represent a syllable. These letters about a thousand. It may seem that to learn 1000 characters - a very difficult task. However, the educated Chinese know the 7-plus times more characters for the sounds.
Scandinavian epics narrate that runic invented the supreme god Odin, once hung on a tree 9 days without food or water. Rune alphabet used by peoples of Northern Europe from the 1st to the 12th century. Runes are not only wrote them guessing. Because each character in the alphabet and Normans meant an individual sound, and the whole word, filled with hidden meaning.
In 1980, runic divination signs to come back into fashion, and soothsayers have been used along with decks of tarot cards. It is believed that runes foretell the future or rather, if they personally draw the blood of the god Odin.
Religions of the Middle East, Judaism and Islam forbid the believers to draw from of old creatures, not to co-create idols. And the artists have come up with a sure way to get around the ban by using the art of creating kalligramm - visual images composed of smaller words. If you take these words from scripture, then they can at least draw a peacock, though an elephant (not a pig, please), and no harm will not tell.
Here's Islamic calligraphers and "provoke." Using verses from the Koran, they began to depict animals, human figures, plants, inanimate swords and mosques. Around the 9th century artists, the Jews invented the so-called Micrographics - the art of creating images of the small letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
Drevneliviyskoe letter "Tifinagh" comes from the ancient, heavily modified the Phoenician alphabet. Tifinagh like alien invaders from the ABC sci-fi movie, but they are in North Africa to this day are the Berbers - indigenous people of Morocco and Algeria. Tifinagh used and Native Canary Islands - the Guanches, mixed with Spanish and adopted the Latin script. Prior to 2003, in Morocco enjoy drevneliviyskim letter was banned for political reasons, but now it's official font Berber people.
The most interesting thing in Tifinagh is what it is - straight and sharp edges, points and fatty ideal circles. Something like runes, anything - radio-electronic circuit. Having been in some parts of Algeria and reading the plate so the graffiti can feel on another planet. And be not far from the truth.
Cryptic alphabets, as well as the mysterious language, die, become unnecessary. If people want to preserve their identity, he protects his alphabet, no matter how unnecessary it is. Thus, a full member of the North American tribe, the Cherokee can be only one Indian who pass the exam on the Cherokee writing developed by the Redskins, "Lomonosov", the leader of the redwoods, in 1819, based on misunderstood the Latin alphabet.
Someday we will visit the visiting Indians, cryptographers, and now continue our study of seven most unusual writing systems on Earth.
5. Voynich manuscript
The manuscript, known as the Voynich manuscript, dates from the early 15th century and is 240 pages of parchment of the greatest mysteries. It is written in an unknown alphabet which does not resemble any of the writing system, so to this day this strange manuscript with drawings could not decipher. In the book, there are no words longer than 10 characters. Figures are shown in color plants, astronomical symbols, and a lot of nonsense. The question arises: what is the author smoking? By the way, Voynich - this revolutionary Russian origin, who bought the Jesuits mysterious script in 1912. His wife wrote a best seller since our grandmothers, the novel "The Gadfly."
To answer the question about smoking, we must plunge into the abyss of theories. There are many versions of authorship and the language of the Voynich manuscript: a language invented by the author himself, this is a real language, but carefully encoded, it is nonsense with a hidden message, the author did not smoke, he's crazy. The latest version of the text is written in "protoukrainskom" language. Manuscript is now at Yale University, one who will solve it and translate into human language, respect and rely uvazhuha.
Naxi people live in the south-west China. This ethnic minority Burmese-Lolo has 309 000 people. Naxi writing system, called the Naxi Dongba or has been around for thousands of years and so complex that it must learn to use it for 15 years.
ABC Nasi seems easy and fun because, like a comic strip, consists of images - the thumbnails. Men, animals ... but actually in the texts of Nasi all very confusing, whole words that fall out of the canvas the story, then replaced by "strangers" pictures. Today, ABC Dongba own only a few elderly priests. Youth uses Latin.
7. Witches Alphabet
ABC of unknown origin or cryptographic system, also known as Fivsky alphabet. Correspondence table witch and letters first published in 1519 in the manuscript "Printing", and its authorship is attributed to no one from the city of Thebes Honorius. It is unknown whether this is real people, whether fictitious.
Today, interest in the letter showed Fivskomu neo-pagan religion of Western followers of Wicca, Gerald Gardner invented - a retired civil servant, suddenly felt himself a sorcerer. Wiccans believe in magic and full of secrets. To write the secret word and a tattoo they are witches alphabet. Now it is fashionable.
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