Monday, June 6, 2011

[kl-bogel] Samarkand. Tissue paper and carpet factory

In Samarkand, there are two very interesting production - a small workshop for making silk paper and carpet factory.
Silk paper, used before the discovery of cheaper paper made from cellulose. Its production - still a manual process, so it is more expensive and used mainly for decorative purposes.
Samarkand

Carpets are made fully by hand. Prices are starting from a few thousand dollars.
Samarkand

Let's start with the paper. First, from the branches of the mulberry tree (the same, eats the leaves of which the silkworm, and then scat silk thread), remove the crust and remove the upper dark layer.
Samarkand


Samarkand

Then the bark is boiled for a long time in the vats, so that it becomes soft.
Samarkand

Softened by boiling the bark tolkut in a mortar to a state of porridge.
Samarkand

The mechanism is driven by a large shaft under the action of water flow in the creek. See the wheel at the far end? It is half submerged in water. Also thought lubrication system with water. This is a long thin beam to the main shaft - trough for water. It lubricates the friction of wood.
Samarkand

Porridge crust is dissolved in a large tub with water, and water and then sifted through a sieve.
Samarkand

As a result, a sieve is a thin, uniform layer of a future paper.
Samarkand

Wet yet nedolist nedobumagi just shake with a sieve.
Samarkand

These are the pieces of flattened and placed under the press for several days.
Samarkand

Paper from under the press out here like that. Now it is very rough. Therefore, it is sanded.
Samarkand

Grind large seashell.
Samarkand

Samarkand

Oem manufacturing small. Doing all sorts of paper crafts and prints at her book. They say that it serves dolshe than plain paper - about 200 years.
Samarkand

Samarkand

Now go to the carpet factory.
Samarkand

In the left bowl, silk cocoons. Cocoons - from woolen yarn, which wrapped itself when silkworms pupate. But pevratitsya gusinitsy of a butterfly they are not allowed. These cocoons are boiled for several hours, otcheno caterpillar dies, and a cocoon it becomes easier to unravel. Such is life.
In the other bowls - something with which then dyed silk. All natural dyes - some roots and leaves.
Samarkand

Here is the caterpillar. When the cocoon untangle from one obtained by a thin thread of a length of hundreds of meters. From this thread has spun a very strong silk rope.
Samarkand

Stained ropes here in these vats.
Samarkand

Despite the fact that it was a Saturday, work was in full swing.
Samarkand

Samarkand

Samarkand

Carpets are doing here with such intricate patterns.
Samarkand

Well, if you want something really "exclusive", it can and on the photo to make a drawing.
Samarkand

I think it's hellish work.
Samarkand

Samarkand

Carpet the more valuable the more it has the density of nodes, and of the more complex pattern. For example here in this blue 110 knots at kvadtatny centimeter. It costs $ 7000! Yes, yes, seven thousand dollars.
Samarkand

The density of the carpet - this is the screen resolution, such as mobile phones. You see what this big pixels. It is only 110 knots.
Samarkand

The resolution of this carpet - about 600 knots per square centimeter! If the previous carpet was VGA then this is just a HD quality.
Samarkand

As explained to us - this is the only carpet with a density of them at the factory, and as you see it, they have recently begun. Special order, for some Japanese connoisseur.
Samarkand

Samarkand

Even Sam was here.
Samarkand

A dog was running around the plant. Dingy, but good-natured.
Samarkand

Friends, if you go to Samarkand, we can recommend the excellent guide - Denis Vikulov (denis-guide@rambler.ru). Denis recommended guide Lonely Planet, it has a car, he speaks English, and just a great guy.

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