Saturday, June 25, 2011

[kl-bogel] Medieval Arab palaces

As a rule, the Arab European residential architecture tourist knows, looking at their "home" hotel somewhere in Hurghada or Sharm el-Sheikh, as many Egyptian hotels are copying the style of real medieval houses in Cairo. Moreover, these prototypes are rarely seen "live".
In Cairo, a few dozen survived the Mameluke and Ottoman houses, but the best renovated Beit al-Suheymi. His photo I put in this position, adding to diversity and still photographs of the palace in Damascus Azem.



Beit Suheymi and was built by Sheikh Abdul-Wahhab al-Tablaui in 1648, but subsequently rebuilt many times. In 1796, bought a house a teacher of Islamic University of Al-Azhar, Sheikh Ahmad Al-Suheymi, since the house is called by his name.
Like most Middle Eastern homes, Beit Suheymi is low-key appearance from the street. A small doorway is all that can be seen.



All accommodations are structured around a courtyard. The building has five floors, but not all are available for viewing.



House, as usual in Egypt is divided into two half men (salamlik) and female (haramlik). All the windows are closed haramlika carved wooden lattices Mashrabi.


Here is the window from inside Mashrabi




Foundation of the house is large staterooms - kaa in Beit Suheyni several of them. They all have high ceilings and fountains for cooling.





High ceilings are necessary not only for celebration and pomp, but also for cooling. The design allows the ceiling to enter the room cool air.





Fountains are present in many areas, even on upper floors.






Semi-open room - tahtabosh, another important element of the house.


The whole house - crowd of corridors, passages, large and small rooms. For all its seeming randomness, Beth has a very thoughtful Suheyni plan. As you might guess, the main problem of Egypt is the endless heat, so the struggle with it - this is one of the main functions of a house.



Owners of the house did not have a permanent location in specific areas, they are constantly moved from one room to another, depending on climatic conditions. In the summer living on the north side of the house in winter, respectively, on the south.



Many rooms look very nice although we must not forget that before they were filled with various belongings - curtains, carpets, cushions, which enlivened the room. This is an old Arab tradition, in contrast to Europe, where the building was decorated, the Arabs used various prichindalami under a common name - ground beef, here affects what they were originally used by nomads and not live in houses and in tents.















Wooden ceilings, the most decorated of the rooms




Outdoor balcony or loggia - McAdam.


Bath Hamam in Beit Suheyni. In almost all such places, there are ceilings in the form of stars.



Classic "British" taps. Beth had Suheymi and sewer and plumbing. Of course, it could be only in wealthy homes.



The second house in the Beit Suheyni, there was a garden.




If you do not know how many years this house, you might think that this hotel in Sharm el-Sheikh.


A few photos of the palace in Damascus Azem, for comparison.


The palace was built Asaad Pasha al-Azem in 1749. Subsequently, there was the residence of the French High Commissioner. For some strange reason, almost all the interior rooms of the palace were closed. I made very few shots.











I must say that the Turkish pasha palace more pompous in comparison with the house of a rich Egyptian sheikh. Asaad Pasha "worked" as he could, almost a year in Damascus, it was impossible to hire a mason or a carpenter, were all involved in the construction of the palace.











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