[kl-bogel] Kolomna palace - the eighth wonder of the world
Walking through the museum-reserve "Kolomna" would not be complete without a visit to the reconstructed palace of Alexei Mikhailovich, in which this country residence of the kings was at its peak. The original wooden palace, built in 1667 -1672, respectively, and arresting its splendor dignitaries and foreign ambassadors, dubbed "the eighth wonder of the world." Unfortunately, 100 years after its construction because of the dilapidated palace was demolished, and only by command of Empress Catherine II in front of his dismantling of pre-made all the measurements and created a wooden model of the palace in which it was possible to restore in our time.
1.Kolomensky palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich - Once considered "the eighth wonder of the world," and now call "Luzhkov remakes" - opened its doors September 4, 2010. I get to it only a couple of weeks ago and I offer it with me to inspect. Looking ahead to say that, the interior very much, but the appearance of the palace is almost identical to what can be seen in his "old" images.
A bit of history. The main scope of work for construction of the "old palace" by the gang carried out in 1668 under the leadership of Carpenters and Senka Petrova Ivashko Mikhailov. At all stages of construction were employed the best artists in Moscow and other cities. Paintings of the interior of the palace created by masters of the Armory.
2. Created in the 17th century wooden palace was designed primarily to show Russian citizens and foreign guests the grandeur and power of the king's power. Patriarch Cyril, who was present at the opening of a new palace, said in his usual manner, and that Russia before Peter I was a great nation, what many people forget.
4. "Modern" as the original palace has 270 rooms area of 7239 square meters. m (not your studio apartment of 40 square meters. m!). At present, the interiors recreated only 24 rooms. In the works on creation of interiors in the palace today were involved in 226 people of 20 different professions.
5. At the time of Alexis Mikhailovich palace was not only a place of rest, but the principal country residence of Russian emperors. There were meetings of the Boyar Duma, "exterminated" later Peter I, the plane with the heads of the orders (the ministries prototypes), diplomatic receptions and army parades.
6. Unfortunately, when I walked in Kolomna, flower beds around the palace had not been planted with flowers. Only managed to photograph this bush.
7. "Modern" palace is not completely wooden in contrast to the original sample. All designs are now solid, reinforced concrete, which are then lined with logs. The orientation of the new palace in the sides of the light, too broken, now the palace turned around a vertical axis by 90 degrees, which upset him, including a sacred purpose.
8. Alexis palace is a complex maze of rooms connected by passages. Now you can see the chambers of the king and queen, and princes and princesses.
9. Forest to build a new palace was brought from the Krasnoyarsk region, then treated with a masters Vladimir, and then was transported to Moscow.
10. The palace was divided into two parts: male and female. Accordingly, women could not go to the male half, and even the king went to the female half of the queen by marriage only need.
11. Strange but true: the female half of the royal family, in fact, sitting in a locked and even the Queen will not be allowed to leave. The only classes - crafts and prayer. On the female half of the men did not go on holidays and only the queen, for example, could be invited to visit his father.
12. In Aleksei Mikhailovich had 2 wives: Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya, who gave him a 13! children (she died a few days after the last birth) and Natalia Naryshkin, who gave only 3 children, the eldest of whom was none other than future All-Russian Emperor Peter I. There's even a version that Peter was not born in the Terem Palace of the Kremlin, and in Kolomna Palace.
13. The king, queen, princes and princesses were separate rooms in the palace with separate entrances and exits, and additional rooms for servants / maids and mamok / nannies .. I must say that out of 16 children of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich - more than half have died either in infancy or in childhood.
14. Sure you ask about the shingles. It is a wooden material - lime.
15. What else? The palace is recreated in its original not the place. Considered that the construction of the palace near the Church of the Ascension tent would eerie influx of people in Kolomna in one place.
18. Now let's go inside. Will outline some of the nuances right away:
entrance to the palace of course fee, but the price is 400 rubles per person, I did not expect. Yes, I understand that the palace invested a lot of money (I hope that at least most of them were used for their intended purpose!), But 400 rubles, I think that's expensive.
For children, students and pensioners - 200 euro + $ 100 if you want to join the tour group, I recommend that you make.
But that's not all. As part of the palace of the exhibition "Treasures of the Russian art of the 17th century" - a ticket back 250 rubles. We did not at first understand where the actual entrance to the palace and paid for 250 reh. Then realized that by paying for 500 rubles (no, I love Russian art!) We need to pay for two more 800! Yes, you all thought, my dear buddylist! Walking through the palace has managed for two at the end of 1300 rubles!
19. Treasure of Russian art of the 17th century, I will not torment you, but the interiors of the Palace show. Go?
20. The rich decoration of the suburban residence was once struck by the imagination of nobles and foreign ambassadors. Now, to go inside, you must wear shoe covers in the hospital. For very particular about cleanliness, carpets, littered the floors, vacuumed thoroughly.
21.V interiors of the palace was connected fine art of Muscovy the second half of the 17th century with the advanced construction techniques of the time and skill to master. In the palace was all planned: the finish floor and ceiling paintings of furniture to the smallest detail.
22. Painting a ceiling
23. This is a ceremonial hall, where foreign ambassadors were waiting for admission sovereign.
25. It is also a painting of one of the ceilings. Alexis likened himself the Sun, the Queen - the moon, and their children - the planets and stars, which should testify to the greatness of the sovereign space.
26. This emergency rooms and refectory, where Alexis hosted.
28. Living in the royal palace was varied: the Russian furniture, imported Western European and Russian, made by European standards. Russian furniture - is, above all, shops and benches. Imported European furniture - beds, chairs and stools.
30. The Emperor was sitting here on this throne. Notice at the bottom with two gold lions? They were a secret!
Alexis was a great lover of mechanics and under his orders for the amusement of the guests around the throne established mechanical lion who shook his head and flashing eyes, as cited in "light" surprise of foreigners to the delight of the Russian Tsar.
If you join a tour - you incorporate these same lions. Your kids will love it! Guaranteed! By the way, children are allowed to sit on the floor on mats, which is also really like them during the tour.
31. In addition to the Sun compared the Alexis himself with the kings David and Solomon, as well as the Emperors Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar. On this picture can be seen fragments of painted ceiling depicting King Solomon.
32. And here's portraits of Alexei Mikhailovich.
34. There was a place and a portrait of Prince Peter, whose reign has turned the Russian state in the Russian Empire.
35. This study Alexei Mikhailovich, where King worked with his own rules and government securities.
36. Such was the royal bedchamber. As befits a bed in those days - it was very short, as the sleeping sitting up, so the blood does not rush to your head (and it is considered life-threatening), and because of the wigs, which are superimposed on some days.
38. All rooms of the royal family were icons, and oratory for worship and prayer. In the chambers of the king had a chapel called the Cross House.
42.Eto, if I remember correctly, tutorial chamber where the princes were taught.
44. The most interesting, but, in my opinion, very modern-looking building - it's soap. You, too, thought it was rather a sauna? Oh well! Believe that soap, ie, Bath, under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich looked exactly! The king was a progressive and a palace built on the latest technology.
45. Water for soap was taken from the Moskva River, and the king must then washed before and after the commission of sinful deeds, which include visits to the Queen and a visit to the theater.
46. This is a prototype of the bath, at the bottom of the trough (or as it's called?) Put the hot stones to keep water cool down and the king could hover legs.
47. Let's go to the women's quarters. Unfortunately, there seemed to me so interesting as a male and a few pictures of. But anyway let's see some pictures.
52. Perhaps the most interesting place is the female part of the reconstituted blue room of the Empress Elizabeth.
54. And here is her portrait.
57. Will complete the portrait of Catherine II, on whose orders the palace was demolished Alexei Mikhailovich, after reports of her that is not possible restoration of the palace, and a wooden structure has already started caving ceilings. Thanks to them, as I wrote above, it became possible to recreate the palace today, as the empress ordered to make measurements and accurate descriptions of the palace and its wooden mock-up.
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