Today's post is dedicated to the so-called house of the Thai-Chinese friendship. He is often referred to as a museum of Chinese art, but its official name - Viharn Sien. The museum contains many valuable pieces of Chinese art and culture, for example, several statues of the famous army of terracotta warriors, bronze sculptures, paintings, porcelain and more. Also worth noting is that the very house-museum was built with Chinese money. So what are the reasons for such generosity? It's not often a major world power are presenting rare works of art. The answer to this question, as well as some others you can find under the cut.
I suggest you familiarize yourself with the internal and external decoration of this building is really beautiful, look at the submitted works of art. After that I will discuss the history of the emergence of the museum and the role of Chinese in Thailand.
The spacious halls of the many sculptures of different sizes from different materials.
Finer capture the emotions and gestures.
Some exhibits are scary.
Mock terracotta army in the form in which it was found. Realistic full-size warriors and horses. We can only guess how much time and effort it took the creators of this work. In the museum there are several sculptures of this finding.
In addition to exhibits of Chinese art, has rooms dedicated to art and history of Thailand.
King Rama IX.
This wooden sculpture is made of one piece of wood without the use of composite parts.
In this room there are several statues of Buddha that correspond to different days of the week.
The Museum not only inside but also outside.
In the courtyard of numerous articles, such as Shaolin monks in various combat poses. Look as if alive. They are black because they are processed by special soiling composition (so hands do not touch :-)
The story of this house-museum is as follows. Thailand, like many other countries in Southeast Asia, punctuated confessional, ethnic and internal political strife. So that's one of the most urgent national problem was associated with increased migration of Chinese into Thailand. There were two major waves of migration from China to Thailand: at the beginning of XX century, during the Xinhai Revolution of 1911, and during the confrontation of the Communists and the Kuomintang in the late forties. The migration process continues at the present time.
Arriving Chinese, by virtue of his mental and religious backgrounds, is more active and adventurous than the locals. As a result, all major economic trends were in their hands. This sparked a wave of nevolstva local population, which was ready to erupt into open conflict, but the King of Thailand has managed to implement populist measures, reflected in the regulation of the labor market of the country: there were quotas in jobs for workers, identified a number of positions that they could not borrow.
In appreciation of the wise decision of the Royal Government of China is the initiator and sponsor of the Cultural House Museum, which marks the friendly relations between the countries.
But the real siutatsiya not changed and the Thai economy is still in the hands of the Chinese. In reality, recognize the Chinese among the Thais can not, by virtue of a sufficiently strong assimilation in the intervening period. The total number of resident ethnic Chinese in Thailand - huaqiaos - is about 15% of the population. And the 15% control more than 90% of the Thai industry and commerce, which allows them to have a powerful lobby in the government.
Given that huaqiaos genetically close Thais, most say in Thai, Thai customs compliance, build temples and engage in charity, the likelihood of Chinese riots seem to have excluded. But there is always a "but" ...
Although for their rights and independence of the Thais do not have to fight (Thailand has never been anyone's colony), but even the most tolerant Thai questions arise when the list of hundred richest people in Thailand, he does not find a single non-Chinese. In this list one of the first - the infamous ex-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra of the country, now hiding from the Thai justice abroad. Incidentally, it is total corruption - the main scourge of Thailand - reproached the rich Chinese, corrupted by bribes the local officials.
Paradoxically, but against the palpable hostility toward immigrants from the Middle Kingdom, secretly aspire to have in Chinese white skin and marry local Chinese (as well - the rich). Chinese in Thailand - a synonym of wealth and good education, and all the local movie stars and show business - or Hong Kong Chinese descent.
The strength of mutual national penetration is so high that Thais like to joke: "Everyone taets hates all Chinese, except for his grandmother."
PS In preparing this post has benefited Journal Asia, the newspaper Novaya Buryatia and portals www.asiasabai.ru , www.stoletie.ru
That is all. See you on the air!
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