Pkiin - a village in northern Israel, is located eight kilometers east of Ma'alot Tarshiha in the Upper Galilee. In Pkiine for hundreds of years live peacefully together Druze and Jews. Pkiin occupies an important place in Jewish history. In Jewish tradition, the famous Pkiin cave in which Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai and his son, Rabbi Elazar ben Shimon, hiding from the Romans in 13 years after the defeat of Bar Kokhba rebellion against Roman rule. According to legend, Rabbi Shimon and his son lived on spring water and carob, spending time in the writing of books about Jewish mysticism. It was there that he wrote the "Zohar" - one of the most important books of Kabbalah.
Middle Eastern Druze speak to the Syro-Lebanese and Jordanian-Palestinian dialect of Arabic. The number of Druze now exceeds three million. About 120 thousand Druze live in Israel.
A monument to the leader Druze movement Sultan al-Atrash.
Religion Druze, "druzizm" - originally was one of the earlier branches of the Shi'a sect of Ismaili (see Ismailism), but in the XI century, broke away from her faith and ceased contact with the Ismailis in the Middle Ages, having undergone, in a subsequent significant changes. Druze creed came at the beginning of XI century under the influence of the missionary preaching of Muhammad bin Ismail al-Nashtakina Darazi (and named after his name) of the Ismaili of Egypt and South Lebanon. Druze themselves often have a negative attitude to the personality and Darazi word "friends", as the self do not drink. They use a word for "muvahiddun" (or Ahl al-Tawhid), which can be translated as "edinobozhniki," and can be translated as "united".
The ancient synagogue, built in 3781 by the Jewish reckoning. The local Jewish tradition connects it with the name of Rabbi Yehoshua ben Hananiah,. Of the synagogue there were only fragments, which included the building of the present synagogue, built in 1873 and renovated in 1956, after which the roof of the building and there was the menorah, and a wall plaque with the words: "The ancient synagogue Pki'ina. ... It remains of the synagogue since tannaitic and Rabbi Shimon Bar-Eliezer and Rabbi Yacka his son. " "Surviving ancient religions have been restored by the Ministry of the Government of Israel in the seventh year of existence of the State of Israel."
Traditionally decorated room has a unique exhibits: two stones, brought from the ruins of the Second Temple by the Romans and mounted in the wall of the synagogue in memory of this tragic event.
National Druze meal - Druze pita spread with sour yogurt, poured olive oil and sprinkled with Zatar.
Memorial Druze soldiers who died in the wars of Israel. Druze serve in the IDF in general practice, despite the fact that, as Arabs, Druze could be exempted from military service (Druze elders in their time voluntarily took on their military obligations in the community). The Druze have participated in all the wars of Israel, along with the Jewish population.
Druze flag consists of five colors symbolizing the five pillars of the universe and the last five (white) represents Baha al Din (the fifth prophet of Druze).
Photo by Daniel Nasibov.
This post and more photos on www.plasmastik.com
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