Monday, June 20, 2011

[kl-bogel] Western Australia: jambalaya

Today show other interesting, we've seen in the vicinity of the National Park Nambung . For example, a unique inhabitant of Western Australia - Honey possum.



This tiny animal weighs less than a mouse, and the length of his calf - from seven to nine inches. This is one of very few mammals whose diet is organic exclusively on nectar - a kind of hummingbird animal world. And, of course, he has a bag:) Newborn cubs honey possum - absolute champions in the sizes of all mammals (down, of course): they weigh 0.0005 g. In this they grow from the biggest sperm in the animal world. Honey possums are found only in south-western tip of Australia. Close relatives of other marsupials, they do not have, and it is assumed that they are now - the only representatives of the once widespread genus that became extinct long ago.



Pictures we took in the information center of the park Nambung, there can also see many other exhibits that tell about the fauna of West Australian desert. However, the flora is also worthy of attention. On the way to the park I was struck by the unusual spectacle of the boundless steppes were completely covered with plants that are popularly called kenguriny tails, and Science - ksantorreyami.



Before I saw these plants are only in our Grempians , but there were few, and they have not bloomed. Bloom ksantorrei unusual: they are thrown out of the crown long vertical rod, and flowers appear from it. And this seems to be twins:)



Ksantorrei (also called grass trees) grow exclusively in Australia and some nearby islands, and here and their distribution area is limited:



Like eucalyptus, kenguriny tails need fire to grow better. Their "wood" is very resistant to fire. We passed the place where the fires were, apparently, quite recently. It is interesting that on one side of the road are green plants, on the other - here are:



As I already said, this year opened a new high-speed road from Perth to the north side of the park in Nambung. First go to the park could only be through the town of Cervantes. We spent the night there, so do not rush to the dark back to Perth. The tiny settlement on the shores of the Indian Ocean was not named after a famous writer, and in honor of the ship that crashed in the area. This, however, did not prevent the authorities to decline the author of "Don Quixote" in every way: there is a restaurant with that name, let alone the street - there room for imagination in general:





Other points of interest here is Cervantes a raschudesny john:



Actually we wanted to see how lobsters are treated: their craft - the main article of local revenue. But in those days, fishing was suspended because of the recent storms, so the tours were conducted. Instead, we first tried lobster in a restaurant. It was delicious:)



In a couple of miles from the center of Cervantes is another natural wonder of these places - Salt Lake Thetis.



This lake - one of the few places on Earth where they still live in colonies of cyanobacteria. Their colonies ( mats ) was the first ecosystem that has emerged on our planet over 3.5 billion years ago. Cyanobacterial mats of fossils called stromatolites. Preserved a great many ancient stromatolites, even their use as a gemstone because of their spectacular drawings of their sections. Current is very rare: Marine Cyanobacteria difficult to survive in a world with such diversity of multicellular life. Therefore, their colonies can be seen only in places where cyanobacteria do not have natural enemies - such as very salty waters, and which is Lake Thetis: the water is saltier than the sea. Or where there are friends - for example, in the Paleontological Museum in Moscow :)

Here is the modern mat near.



One of the "merits" of the ancient cyanobacteria - a radical change in the Earth's biosphere. Their ability to photosynthesize has led to the formation of free oxygen in the atmosphere and, consequently, the oxygen catastrophe. So we are largely due to these single-celled Patriarchs:)

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