Kreshpady (Crash pad) - a form of portable mats that rock climbers, bouldering involved, always take with them and put them in potentially dangerous areas, kreshpady were invented to reduce the risk of injury from a fall. On the presence of boulder tracks spotter is highly desirable, insuring in this case - a person who holds the outstretched arms near the back of climbing (not touching it at the same time) and in the case of the fall helps to rip successfully land.
During the occupation of bouldering climber must be able to put all its strength in several movements. However, bouldering, it is not only power here is also important to the ability to use the smallest irregularities in the rocky terrain. One of the main features of bouldering - it is dynamic. In practice, this means that you need some way to group and using all its power to reach distant clues. Sometimes the output can be made only under the condition that climbing knows what the situation must be before leaving and has the ability to engage in the movement of only those muscles that are needed. In this case, bouldering is becoming more like a martial art.
As mentioned above, the motion in bouldering can be very complex, because it can be concluded that the complexity - one of the main goals of bouldering. Some movements require a few days by the work of others - a few years. That's why bouldering is using its system of evaluation of routes. In some places, such as the U.S. uses a fully independent system of evaluation system difficult route, the category name here begins with the letter V (category starting with the simplest - «V0-» and ends with the most complex «V14»). Category complicated route is automatically reduced if this route can take several climbers. In Europe, the evaluation system of bouldering is based on the French system of evaluation of rock tracks, but the rating system got used a "contraction". Compression is fragmented, so 6a bouldering meets rock 6c (difference - two letters - approx. Perevi.), In the case of maximum complexity compression is only one letter. To distinguish between the boulder and rock complexity, to bouldering usually write letters «fb» (from the word "Fontainebleau (Fontainebleau) - bouldering Mecca).
Apparently climbing on small rocks originated in Fontainebleau (Fontainebleau - woodland about 60 kilometers from Paris - Comm. Perevi.) In the early twentieth century. In Fontainebleau, located about 10000 small rocks of a particular stone (gres), particularly suitable for bouldering. Climbing is always interested in Paris. Prior to his alpine ascents are trained so well-known climber, Pierre Allan (Pierre Allain). Soon, bouldering is allocated to a separate sport and many climbers begin to specialize in it reaching the heights of excellence. As it is not surprising, but among the people involved in bouldering meet and those who are over 60, but their level of climbing very high. This is more proof that, for bouldering physical force is small, very important is the ability to make complex exits.
In the fifties of the twentieth century American John Gill begins to climb on the rocks near Baldur (this explains the origin of the term "bouldering") and turns it into climbing into a separate sport. John has also opened a dynamic climbing. In the seventies, other prominent American climbers such as John Bacher (John Bachar) from California, started using weight training.
In the 80 years of bouldering in Europe developed as an elite sport. The first, which reached a level in bouldering 8a were French Jackie Godof (Jakie Godoffe), Jean-Pierre Bouvet (Jean Pierre Bouvier) and Swiss Nicole Fred (Fred Nicole), and now he is full of strength, Fred Nicole, perhaps, is the strongest in the bouldering in the past 20. Fred was the first who began to travel the globe in search of new places for bouldering. It can be seen in the most remote corners of the world: in southern Africa, in Mali, in Australia.
In the past few years, bouldering again gaining popularity thanks to the media. There are new ideas, such as starting from a seated position, this was done mainly to increase the number of interceptions and the ability to create bouldering routes as short as 1 meter. The most complex passages succeed Austrian Klem Loskot (Klem Loskot) and American Chris Sharma (Chris Sharma) with Fred Nicholas. After a 20-year hiatus, bouldering back to life in Italy.
Under the influence of the media who has decided to move bouldering on rock climbing walls, so there bouldering competitions and the final separation occurred from the traditional rock climbing bouldering. Now the athlete is equally difficult to perform well on classic climbing contests and competitions for bouldering.
Set rock climbing walls in big cities have boulder stands, some of them a height of only a few meters. If you make a mistake, you fall on soft mats. Rock climbing walls often hold meetings, events and travel for hundreds of miles of mountain climbers in interesting bouldering areas.
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