Wednesday, May 4, 2011

[kl-bogel] Full-color planet Mars

Photos of Mars presented in this collection, dispels the myth that in the landscapes of this planet there is only red. On Mars, hidden set of colorful treasures. Judging from the photo, the Martian landscape is similar to the post-apocalyptic landscape of the Earth, or, more likely, the landscape of our planet after humanity destroys all signs of life on it. Despite this, the Martian kinds of fascinating and plunges into thinking about what would look like the process of nucleation of a new civilization on Mars.

HiRISE - a high-resolution camera mounted on board the Mars research satellite Orbiter (MRO). Spacecraft makes about 13 revolutions around Mars for one terrestrial day. Beginning of the first research stage (main stage of the mission surveying) was officially announced on Nov. 8, 2006. This phase lasted for 2 Earth years. Advanced Research and Development phase will continue for as long as the spacecraft and the camera is not gone. In HiROC (control center HiRISE) to make daily planning work shots, camera control, receipt, processing and distribution of information. The Center is located at the University of Arizona in Tucson. (43 photos)

Mars

Polar sand dunes. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Layered outcrops in the canyon Hebe (Hebes Chasma). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Dents on the wall of the crater Gus (Gasa Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Russell Crater Dunes (Russell Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Geysers of Manhattan (Manhattan Geysers). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Dry ice on the surface of Mars. Have you ever ever play with dry ice (in leather gloves, of course!)? You may have joked for Halloween? Staged an eerie sight? It's funny here is that the dry ice from a solid to go directly to a gaseous, unlike ordinary ice, which is heated, turns to water. Mars seasonal polar caps are composed of dry ice (carbon dioxide). When in the spring on the ice falling sun, it goes to a gaseous state, causing surface erosion. Erosion generates bizarre spider shape. In this photograph shows the channels that have arisen as a result of erosion and light-filled with ice, which comes in contrast with the muted red surrounding surface. In summer the ice is dissolved in the atmosphere, and instead will serve only as channels that are similar to ghost spiders, carved on the surface. This type of erosion is characteristic only of Mars is not possible under natural conditions on Earth, since our climate is too warm. Lyricist: Candy Hansen (21 March 2011) (photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Layered deposits at the bottom of the crater, located in the middle latitudes in the south. The images show the bottom of the crater, located in the southern highlands of Mars. Bright layered deposits are visible in the center of the picture, they appear along the edges of mesas, situated on a hill. Such deposits are found on Mars in many places, including impact craters and canyons, located near the equator. They could be formed as a result of sedimentary processes by wind and / or water. Around the mesa visible dunes or folded education. Folded structure is the result of differential erosion: when some materials are amenable to erosion better than others. Perhaps, this area was once covered with soft sediments, which have now disappeared due to erosion. Lyricist: Kelly Kolb (April 15, 2009) (photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Underlying rocks, the speakers on the walls and the central hill of the crater. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Solid structures in the salt mountain canyon Ganga (Ganges Chasma). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Someone cut out a piece of Mars! (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Sandy mounds, formed as a result of spring sandstorms in the North Pole. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Crater with central mound with a diameter of 12 kilometers. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Faults Cerberus Fossae. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Purple sand dunes craters Proctor (Proctor Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Light rock outcrop on the walls of a mesa located in the Land of the Sirens (Terra Sirenum). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Spring changes in the Ithaca (Ithaca Region). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Russell Crater Dunes (Russell Crater). Pictures of this area have been made repeatedly to find signs of surface changes. In this photo shows some dark entities that are likely to have arisen under the influence of multiple dust storms that have claimed the bright dust from the surface of the dunes. Narrow channels continue to emerge on steep surfaces of sand dunes. It seems that these channels were the result of loss of dry ice. Perhaps, ice formation were delayed in the grooves on the ends of the channels and then evaporated. Lyricist: Ken Herkenhoff (9 March 2011) (photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Troughs in the walls of the crater under the bare rock. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Troughs in the walls of the crater under the bare rock. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Territory, possibly rich in olivine. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Gullies between dunes on the crater Kaiser (Kaiser Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Valley of Mort (Mawrth Vallis). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Sediment on the bottom of the canyon Maze night (Noctis Labyrinthus). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Crater Holden (Holden Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Crater of St. Mary (Santa Maria Crater). Apparatus HiRISE color image made craters St. Mary's where the rover is visible Opportunity, which is stuck in southeastern edge of the crater. Mars rover Opportunity was collecting information about this relatively young crater with a diameter of 90 meters, to better understand how there was deepening of the crater during impact, and how it has changed under the influence of weather and erosion. Pay attention to the surrounding blocks and beams formations. Spectral analysis of CRISM detects the presence of hydrosulfates in the area. Mars rover Opportunity is located 6 kilometers from the edge of the crater Endavur in which the spectral analysis of CRISM except hydrosulfates revealed the presence of filosilikatov that formed early in the days when the humidity was higher on the planet. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Central peak of a large, well-preserved crater. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Russell Crater Dunes (Russell Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Layered deposits in the canyon Hebe (Hebes Chasma). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Yardangi Eumenides Dorsum. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Movement of sand in the Gusev Crater (Gusev Crater), not far from the hills of Colombia (Columbia Hills). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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North ridge of Hellas Planitia, possibly rich in olivine. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Seasonal changes at the site of the South Pole, covered with cracks and potholes. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Remains of the southern polar caps in spring. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Frozen hollows and ruts on the pole. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Deposits (probably of volcanic origin) in the Labyrinth of Night (Noctis Labyrinthus). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Layered outcrops on the wall of the crater, located at the North Pole. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Single arachnid education. This formation represents the channels carved on the surface, which were formed under the influence of the evaporation of carbon dioxide. Channels arranged radially, widening and deepening as they approach the center. On Earth, these processes do not occur. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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The relief of the valley Athabasca (Athabasca Valles). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Cones of craters Plain Utopia (Utopia Planitia). Cone-shaped hills or craters, such entities shown in this picture, quite common in northern latitudes of Mars. Location on the plains, probably of volcanic origin, and shape similar to a small explosive cones that occur on Earth, are clear evidence of volcanic origin of these craters. On the other hand, severe damage to small impact craters and erosion may not accurately determine their origin. They could also arise due to erosion of the later accretions. Or their origin is similar to the origin of the hills on our planet, which were formed by melting glaciers. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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The interior of the crater Tooting (Tooting Crater). (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Trees on Mars! This is strikingly similar to the grove of trees, growing among the Martian dunes. But these trees are just an optical illusion. In fact, this dark band of deposits on the windward side of dunes. They were formed by evaporation of dry ice. The evaporation process begins at the bottom of the ice formation, as a result of this process a couple of gas out through the pores on the surface and simultaneously tolerate dark deposits, which remain lie napoverhnosti. This picture was taken apparatus HiRISE, installed on board NASA Orbiter satellite reconnaissance in April 2008. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)

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Victoria Crater (Victoria Crater). In the picture visible deposits on the top of the walls of the crater. The pattern on the bottom of the crater are sand dunes. On the left you can see traces of the rover Opportunity. This photograph was taken apparatus HiRISE, installed on board reconnaissance satellite NASA Orbiter, in July 2009. (Photo: NASA / JPL-Caltech / University of Arizona)

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Linear dunes. Band shown in this picture - it's linear sand dunes at the bottom of the Martian crater in the area Noachis Terra. The dark areas - this is the dunes, while lighter areas strewn with pebbles - the strip between the dunes. This picture was taken apparatus HiRISE, installed on board reconnaissance satellite NASA Orbiter, December 28, 2009. (Photo: NASA / JPL / University of Arizona)


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